Cherokee County, SC
Note: This summary of Cherokee County, S.C. history is the property of the Cherokee Historical & Preservation Society, Inc. Any re-use of this summary, in-part or entirety, should reference www.cherokeecountyhistory.org and include an active link to our website.
Settlers began to move into what is now Cherokee County in the mid 1700s. They found Cherokee, Catawba, and Creek Indian tribes who had been using the land for hunting grounds. As the Native Americans were driven away, more European settlers moved into the area.
During the Revolutionary Period, saw mills, gun shops, flour mills, foundries, ironworks, and other industries increased and the area came to be known as the Iron District. Two major victories, Kings Mountain and Cowpens were fought in the Spartan and York Districts that would become Cherokee County.
On February 20, 1897, Cherokee County was formed from portions of Spartanburg, Union, and York Counties and Gaffney City was named the county seat. The Twentieth Century saw the growth and prosperity of the county through the development of agriculture and textiles. Today, with both declining, Cherokee County is redefining itself both economically and culturally.
Cultural Partners & Local Links
SCIWAY...South Carolina's Front Door
Capri On Main
Cherokee Alliance of Visual Artists
Cherokee County Arts Council
Cherokee County Chamber of Commerce
Cherokee County Veterans' Museum
Cherokee County Public Library
City of Gaffney
Consortium of Upstate S.C. History
Cowpens National Battlefield
Cherokee County Cultural Partnership
Gaffney Little Theater
Kings Mountain National Military Park
Spartanburg County Regional Museum of History
Spartanburg Community College Cherokee Campus
Upcountry History Museum