Cherokee County, SC

Note:  This summary of Cherokee County, S.C. history is the property of the Cherokee Historical & Preservation Society, Inc.  Any re-use of this summary, in-part or entirety, should reference and include an active link to our website.

Settlers began to move into what is now Cherokee County in the mid 1700s.  They found Cherokee, Catawba, and Creek Indian tribes who had been using the land for hunting grounds.  As the Native Americans were driven away, more European settlers moved into the area.

During the Revolutionary Period, saw mills, gun shops, flour mills, foundries, ironworks, and other industries increased and the area came to be known as the Iron District.  Two major victories, Kings Mountain and Cowpens were fought in the Spartan and York Districts that would become Cherokee County.

On February 20, 1897, Cherokee County was formed from portions of Spartanburg, Union, and York Counties and Gaffney City was named the county seat.  The Twentieth Century saw the growth and prosperity of the county through the development of agriculture and textiles.  Today, with both declining, Cherokee County is redefining itself both economically and culturally.

Cultural Partners & Local Links

SCIWAY...South Carolina's Front Door

Capri On Main

Cherokee Alliance of Visual Artists

Cherokee County Arts Council

Cherokee County Chamber of Commerce

Cherokee County Veterans' Museum

Cherokee County Public Library

City of Gaffney

Consortium of Upstate S.C. History

Cowpens National Battlefield

Cherokee County Cultural Partnership

Gaffney Little Theater

Kings Mountain National Military Park

Limestone College

Spartanburg County Regional Museum of History

Spartanburg Community College Cherokee Campus

Upcountry History Museum